Missionary Journeys Of St. Paul

Missionary Journeys of St. Paul

During one of his missionary journeys St. Paul visited Ephesus in Turkey.
He stays in the city about three years (Acts 19:1-20). In Ephesus Paul discovers twelve believers who were baptized but who did'nt as yet have God's spirit. Paul baptizes them in His name and they receive God's Holy Spirit (Acts 19:1-7).

Seven Churches of Revelation

Seven Churches of Revelation

In looking at the letters to the 7 Churches, we see the Lord speaking directly to the 7 Churches
that existed in the Holy land at the time John lived. We also see the Lord's opinion of those Churches, and what they were doing
at the time: Ephesus, Pergamon, Laodicea, Sardis, Thyatira, Smyrna, Philadelphia churches.

Biblical Sites in Turkey

Biblical sites in Turkey

Turkey is called the Other Holy Land as it has more biblical sites than any other country in the Middle East.
Antioch - the place where the followers of Jesus were first called Christians; Tarsus - where Apostle Paul was born and many others..

Ancient Turkey Map

Asia Minor is the most western region of Asia and is the largest section of modern Turkey. Asia Minor is also called Anatolia. In the second millennium B.C. it was the center of the Hittite Empire. Following the Dorian Invasion, Greeks migrated to Asia Minor. In 546 B.C., the Persian King Cyrus II conquered Asia Minor. Then in 333, Alexander the Great conquered it. Most of Asia Minor later became part of the Roman and Byzantine Empires.

The northern states of Asia Minor were Mysia (8200 sq mi), Bithynia (12,500), Pontus (22,800), and Paphlagonia (13,700); the central states were Lydia (9,300 sq. mi.), Phrygia (23,200), Galatia (14,100), and Cappadocia (30,700); the southern states were Caria (5,700 sq. mi.), Lycia (3,200), Pamphylia (8,800), and Cilicia (12,300).


Ancient Turkey Map - 1736

Apostles in Anatolia - 1881

Turkey in Asia and Arabia - 1747

Phrygia was a region of Anatolia whose people spoke Phrygian. Its main cities included Ancyra and Gordium. Phrygia included the Troad, whose main city was Troy. The Phrygians are believed to have been "Sea People." Phrygia probably gained prominence only after the 8th century B.C. During the Hellenistic period, the area was settled by Gallic Galatians and renamed Galatia.
Celtic tribes reached and plundered Asia Minor in the3rd Century B.C. 3 Celtic tribes settled in Tolistobogii, Tectosages, and Trocmi. Attalus I of Pergamum beat them c. 230 B.C., and then in 190, the Romans defeated them under Cn. Manlius Vulso.


Anatolia Asia Minor - 1747

Turkey in Asia - 1794

Turkey in Asia - 1794

Mysia was a region on the northwest coast of Asia Minor, whose main cities were Cyzicus and Teuthrania (Pergamon), located on the river Caicus and founded by Teuthras. There is a Mt. Olympus in Mysia. In the Trojan War, the Greek fleet landed at Mysia, mistaking it for Troy.
Lydia was a region of Asia Minor between Mysia and Caria named for Lydus, the son of Attis. Sardis, on the river of Patroclus, was the main Lydian city. It was King Croesus' capital city. Lydia dominated western Anatolia from 690 to 546 B.C. There were three Lydian dynasties: Atyads, Heraclids (descendants of Hercules), and the Mermnads. Their language was of I-E origins and may have created coins.


Turkey in Asia - 1801

Turkey in Europe - 1794

Ancient Turkey Map - 1731

Caria, a mountainous coastal area of southwest Asia Minor, was bordered by Lydia and Lycia. Its most famous city, Miletus, (originally Anactoria), was an important Ionian city until it became Persian. Miletus was a son of Apollo. Caria became part of the Lydian kingdom in the 6th century B.C. Carian kings, including Mausolus, whose widow, Artemisia, built the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of 7 wonders of the ancient world, continued to rule Caria after it became subject to Persia. Many Carians supported the Ionian Greeks against Darius, in the Persian Wars, although an earlier Queen Artemisia supported Xerxes.


Ancient Turkey Map - 1747

Asia Minor - 1830

Ancient Turkey Map - 1895

Lycia was in southern Asia Minor and was inhabited by the Milyans and Solymi. Cretans lived in Lycia and were called Termilae. Sarpedon co-ruled with Lycus of Athens, brother of Aegeus. Lycia was named after him. Lycia and Cilicia alone of the Asia Minor countries, were not conquered by Croesus, but Lycia was conquered by the Persians under Cyrus the Great.
Cilicia, in southeastern Asia Minor, with Syria to the east, was named for Cilix, son of Agenor of Sidon, and brother of Cadmus and Europa. The main cities of Cilicia were Tarsus, Seleucia, and Issus. During the Persian period (6-4th C. B.C)Cilicia remained independent, paying tribute to Persia. Most of Cilicia became part of the Seleucid Empire after Alexander the Great.


Asia Minor - 1895

Asia Minor - 1835

Asia Minor - 1804

Pontus and Bithynia
Before Alexander, Pontus was ruled as part of a Persian satrapy, but gained prominence under Mithridates I Ctistes. Its most important king was Mithridates VI. Bithynia was in northwestern Asia Minor, by the Marmara and Black Seas. Hittites may have lived there. Later inhabitants were Thracians and perhaps, Amazons. It was taken by Croesus and became Persian. It was also a Roman province.
Located between Pontus and Bithynia was the coastal area of Paphlagonia, known for its timber. Augustus attached the area to Galatia.


Asia Minor - 1804

Turkey in Asia - 1823

Turkey in Asia  - 1851

Anatolia is now the part of Turkey in Asia. Asia Minor is the Latin name for Anatolia. The Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea are on its borders. Colchis, home of the mythical Medea, was east of the Black Sea near this region. Important legendary and historic figures from the area include the goddess Cybele, the kings Tantalus, Midas, Gordius, Croesus, Cyrus, and Mithridates, and the literary figures Homer and Aesop.